Monday, August 24, 2020

The Chemistry of Cyanide Poisoning and Why it Kills

The Chemistry of Cyanide Poisoning and Why it Kills Murder secrets and spy books regularly highlight cyanide as a quick acting toxic substance, however you can be presented to this poison from ordinary synthetic compounds and even normal nourishments. Have you at any point thought about how cyanide toxic substances and murders individuals, the amount it takes before its poisonous, and whether there is a fix? Heres what you have to know. What Is Cyanide? The term cyanide alludes to any synthetic containing a carbon-nitrogen (CN) bond. Numerous substances contain cyanide, yet not every one of them are savage toxins. Sodium cyanide (NaCN), potassium cyanide (KCN), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and cyanogen chloride (CNCl) are deadly, yet a huge number of mixes called nitriles contain the cyanide gathering yet arent as poisonous. Actually, you can discover cyanide in nitriles utilized as pharmaceuticals, such asâ citalopram (Celexa) andâ cimetidine (Tagamet). Nitriles arent as perilous on the grounds that they dont promptly discharge the CN-particle, which is the gathering that goes about as a metabolic toxin. How Cyanide Poisons More or less, cyanide keeps cells from utilizing oxygen to make vitality particles. The cyanide particle, CN-, ties to the iron molecule in cytochrome C oxidase in the mitochondria of cells. It goes about as an irreversible compound inhibitor, forestalling cytochrome C oxidase from carrying out its responsibility, which is to move electrons to oxygen in the electron transport chain of high-impact cell breath. Without the capacity to utilize oxygen, mitochondria cant produce the vitality transporter adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Tissues that require this type of vitality, for example, heart muscle cells and nerve cells, rapidly consume all their vitality and begin to kick the bucket. At the point when an enormous enough number of basic cells bite the dust, you bite the dust. Presentation to Cyanide Cyanide can be utilized as a toxic substance or concoction fighting specialist, however a great many people are presented to it unexpectedly. A few different ways to be presented to cyanide include: Eatingâ cassava, lima beans, yucca, bamboo shoots, sorghum,â or almondsEating apple seeds, cherry stones, apricot pits, or peach pitsSmoking cigarettesBurning plasticBurning coalInhaling smoke from a house fireIngesting acetonitrile-based items are utilized to evacuate counterfeit nailsDrinking water, eating food, contacting soil, or breathing in air that has been contaminatedExposure to rodenticide or other cyanide-containing pesticides Cyanide in foods grown from the ground is as cyanogenic glycosides (cyanoglycosides). Sugars append to these mixes through the procedure of glycosylation, shaping free hydrogen cyanide. Numerous modern procedures include intensifies that contain cyanide or can respond with water or air to deliver it. Paper, material, photochemical, plastics, mining, and metallurgy enterprises all may manage cyanide. A few people report a smell of severe almonds related with cyanide, yet not every single harmful compound produce the aroma and not all individuals can smell it. Cyanide gas is less thick than air, so it will rise. Side effects of Cyanide Poisoning Breathing in a high portion of cyanide gas quickly causes obviousness and regularly passing. Lower portions might be survivable, particularly if prompt guide is given. The side effects of cyanide harming are like those showed by different conditions or introduction to any of various synthetic compounds, so dont accept cyanide is the reason. Regardless, do expel yourself from the reason for introduction and look for sure fire clinical consideration. Prompt Symptoms HeadacheDizzinessWeaknessConfusionFatigueLack of coordination Side effects From Larger Doses or Longer Exposure Low blood pressureUnconsciousnessConvulsionsSlow heart rateLung damageRespiratory failureComa Demise from harming normally results from respiratory or cardiovascular breakdown. An individual presented to cyanide may have cherry-red skin from high oxygen levels or a dim or blue shading, from Prussian blue (iron official to the cyanide particle). Likewise, skin and body liquids may radiate a scent of almonds. The amount Cyanide Is Lethal? How much cyanide is an excessive amount of relies upon the course of presentation, the portion, and term of introduction. Breathed in cyanide presents a more serious hazard than ingested cyanide. Skin contact isn't as a very remarkable concern (except if the cyanide has been blended in with DMSO), aside from contacting the compound could prompt unintentionally gulping some of it. As an unpleasant gauge, since deadly portion relies upon the specific compound and a few different components, about a large portion of a gram of ingested cyanide will slaughter a 160-poundâ adult. Obviousness, trailed by death, could happen inside a few seconds of breathing in a high portion of cyanide, yet lower dosages and ingested cyanide may permit a couple of hours to two or three days for treatment. Crisis clinical consideration is basic. Is there a Treatment for Cyanide Poisoning? Since its a generally regular poison in the earth, the body can detoxify a limited quantity of cyanide. For instance, you can eat the seeds of an apple or withstand cyanide from tobacco smoke without passing on. At the point when cyanide is utilized as a toxin or a substance weapon, treatment relies upon the portion. A high portion of breathed in cyanide is deadly too rapidly for any treatment to produce results. Starting medical aid for breathed in cyanide requires getting the casualty to natural air. Ingested cyanide or lower portions of breathed in cyanide might be countered by directing remedys that detoxify cyanide or tie to it. For instance, regular nutrient B12,â hydroxocobalamin, responds with cyanide to formâ cyanocobalamin, which is discharged in pee. Inward breath of amyl nitrite may help taking in casualties of cyanide and furthermore carbon monoxide harming, albeit barely any medical aid packs contain these ampules any longer. Contingent upon the conditions, total recuperation might be conceivable, in spite of the fact that loss of motion, liver harm, kidney harm, and hypothyroidism are conceivable.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The AP Exam and Writing Tips For Caesar AP Exams

The AP Exam and Writing Tips For Caesar AP ExamsIn this article, we will discuss AP Language 2020 essay samples and if you are looking for something to write in your college papers, there are some sample essays to use. We also want to show you what to write in your AP Language essay. This sample AP essay is known as 'Caesar', and the topic for the essay is 'Humor in our modern society'. The students were given this essay topic and were allowed to choose the topics of their own choice.In 'Caesar', the students were asked to write a three paragraph essay on a variety of topics. The topics included, 'The way of the world as we know it'. 'The plight of ordinary people'. 'The trends in everyday life' 'Humor as a means of communication'In the beginning of the Caesar AP exam, the students were given a short list of questions, which would help them determine how good their writing skills are. This is where they were tested for their writing skills. It also allowed them to determine what topi c they wanted to write on. And by the end of the exam, the students were given another list of questions, but this time, they were required to write an essay on the topic that was on the first list.The Caesar AP Sample is different from other AP classes because the students were asked to write a three paragraph essay on the topic of the test, which was funny in nature. Because of this, the students were more interested in having a humorous topic for their essay, compared to writing on a topic that requires deep understanding of the topic.The writing style in the Caesar AP test is very interesting. There are no rules in grammar or in the structure of the sentences. The students were not even provided with a dictionary or a reference material, so they were required to research about the topics in their own.Before you begin writing in the Caesar AP test, make sure that you have already researched the topic that you are going to write about. The students that went through this test were required to know the name of a football team before they were allowed to write about that team.Some of the best Caesar AP writing strategies that you can use to become an AP writer is to research on your topic in depth. You will find out that it is not always easy to know what is funny and what is not. When you start writing, try to write on one topic at a time. Make sure that you revise the topics often.The main lesson that you should take away from the Caesar AP exam is to take your writing as seriously as you do with any other class. Also, try to look for the funny aspects of life. Remember that the goal of the test is to see how good you are as a writer, so be sure that you do not lose focus in your writing and find new ways to write funny sentences.

Friday, July 24, 2020

A View from the Class Divyam Nandrajog MIA 19 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog

A View from the Class Divyam Nandrajog MIA 19 COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - SIPA Admissions Blog The SIPA Office of Alumni and Development is pleased to share A View from the Class, a series featuring current SIPA students, recently graduated alumni, and faculty. In this issue, we feature  newly graduated SIPA alumnus  Divyam Nandrajog MIA 19. Divyam graduated in May with  a Master of International Affairs (MIA), concentrating in International Security Policy (ISP)  and specializing  in Technology, Media, and Communications. What were you doing prior to attending SIPA? I studied law at the National Law University, Delhi in Delhi, India. I was particularly interested in criminal law and how it governed state-citizen interactions. I worked on several research projects on criminal justice involving rights of under-trial prisoners, criminal process re-engineering, and analysis of cases under Indian drug laws. These projects involved visits to Tihar Jail, one of Delhi’s larger prisons, for data gathering and interviews of under-trial and convicted inmates to better understand and place their cases within the larger criminal process for analysis. The projects aimed for both immediate and systemic impact. One involved assessing under-trial inmates’ eligibility for bail under special provisions of the criminal procedure code. Another project focused on identifying and mitigating procedural bottlenecks and causes for systemic delay in trials under special laws. Why did you choose SIPA? I chose SIPA for its ISP concentration that delves into various topical components of the subject and offers students flexibility in concentrating their studies on particular aspects of international security. How would you describe your SIPA experience? I really enjoyed my classes in cybersecurity and defense analysis. The professors teaching them bring a wealth of professional experience and detail that makes courses in these subjects extremely practical and readily applicable by graduate students starting out in the field. How has SIPA affected you? No two resumes at SIPA are the same. The diversity of backgrounds, approaches, and thought that the student body brings together presents a welcome and formidable challenge to norms and approaches assumed to be settled. The key lies not in isolated points of view but in the bridges we build between them, shaping the process as much as it shapes us. Are there particular SIPA experiences that stand out? My studies and work under Professor Jason Healey, first as his student and intern and subsequently as his research assistant, were a highlight of my time in SIPA. The past year was an incredible learning process. The sheer breadth of research I was exposed to under his guidance enriched my studies and learning in a way few other experiences can match. The freedom I was given to conduct my own research on topical subjects in cybersecurity allowed me to further develop my interests, build upon what I learned in classes, and apply it in practical ways. I also benefited from several interactions with policymakers and industry leadership whose insights have been of great practical value in contextualizing my learning and taking it further. What are your plans now that you have graduated from SIPA? I hope to work in cyber threat intelligence and cybersecurity and defense policy.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Drug Abuse And The United States - 879 Words

The issue of drug abuse and addiction in the United States has become much more relevant in the past few years. Drugs and the drug crisis were for the longest time something which was limited geographically, socially and racially. Which is to say that drugs were only a â€Å"problem† in the inner city. In the 1980s, this was symbolized by the so-called crack epidemic which ravaged the poorer and most fragile communities in the country. The issue of drug abuse in the United States is important because of how much it impacts the lives of people in all different ways and this problem seems to be increasing. Society must act to save these people in order to improve their lives and build strong communities for the future. More recently drugs have crossed society from being a â€Å"minority† or poor person problem to bring one of the major issues with many different kinds of people from many different income levels, and this is large because of one factor: opioid painkillers. The growth in addiction rates across the country have been skyrocketing in the past ten or fifteen years, and it has been largely connected to the abuse of prescription painkillers. (Compton and Volkow, 2005) Prescription painkillers are easy to get, relatively cheap and something which can start with legal use for a legitimate injury or disease. The downside is that they re incredibly easy to get addicted to and something which can lead one’s life to spiral quickly out of control. Recently, there has been quiteShow MoreRelatedDrug Abuse And The United States1645 Words   |  7 PagesNixon launched the war on drugs stating, â€Å"America’s public enemy number one in the United States is drug abuse. In order to fight and defeat this enemy, it is necessary to wage a new, all out offensive† (Sharp, 1994). Since this war was declared 45 years ago the prison population has risen dramatically and has cost tax payers a substantial amount of money, with no end in sight. Nearly sixty five percent of the 2.3 million U.S. prisoners meet the criteria for substance abuse or addiction, yet only elevenRead MoreDrug Abuse And The United States1374 Words   |  6 PagesDrug abuse is happening in many countries. Millions of dollars are exhausted universally to prevent drug use, to treat addicts, and to fight drug-related misdemeanors. While drugs menace many civilizations, their result can also be combated triumphantly. This essay topic glances at some of the con sequences of drug use on the world, and proposes some resolution to the complication. Drug addiction and drug abuse sinfully changes your state of body and mind with chemical substances. (What is the scopeRead MoreDrug Abuse On The United States Essay1344 Words   |  6 PagesDrug Abuse on the Rise in the Community â€Å"In 2014, nearly two million Americans either abused or were dependent on prescription opioid pain relievers (â€Å"Injury Prevention and Control: Opioid Overdose,† 2016.)† The CDC is now saying that the United States is in an epidemic. The purpose of this paper is to explore the increasing drug use in the United States over the last decade. The primary focus is on the administration of opioid analgesics and the addicting mechanisms of these medications, and whatRead MoreDrug Abuse And The United States3359 Words   |  14 Pageswith drugs in the United States. Law enforcement has been fighting to decrease this drug abuse for almost centuries. Presidents have personally have been trying to find different methods on how to stop this drug war. Unfortunately law enforcement has not been able to win this battle. You could see how they are losing because there been so many cases that involve drug abusers that had to go to get treatment or some even go to prison. This is causing so many problems especially with the drug tradeRead MoreDrug Abuse And The United States1549 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction: Drug abuse has always been a very delicate question as it always it deals with the health, well-being and even lives of human beings belonging to any country. The position of the United States of America towards drugs has always been very clear and distinctively negative. Throughout the history of the country there were numerous cases against drug dealers, buyers and many more. These cases did always catch the attention of civil people who by showing interest in such cases revealedRead MoreDrug Abuse in the United States546 Words   |  2 PagesA major social problem that is in the United States is the usage of drugs among students. Drugs have had a very large growth rate within the past years. Drugs are a major issue that is affecting students and going to school and getting an education. There are a numerous number of reasons of why the young are partaking in drugs. Mostly because they don’t have a very stable and healthy home environment meaning their parents don’t really care for them or discipline them by any means. A big transitionRead More Drug Abuse in the United States Essay1044 Words   |  5 PagesDrug Abuse in the United States of America In the United States of America, we, the people value several things, some of which are freedom, expanding and taking care of our families and our financial security. We, the people, take such things for granted. We also discourage some behavior, such as crime, laziness and use of illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most discouraged behaviors in our country. Use of illegal drugs is harmful to the userand all those with whom the userRead MoreThe Effects Of Drug Abuse On The United States1717 Words   |  7 Pagesdemonstrate the absurdity of the drug abuse problems in the United States, it should be brought to light that the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use Health estimated that â€Å"27 million people aged 12 or older have used an illicit drug in the past 30 days† (Hedden, Kennet, Lipari, Medley, Tice, 2015). As gun violence has become a popular topic in America over the past few years due to its’ related deaths, many Americans’ fail to realize that more people are dying from drug overdose than by weapon. In today’sRead MoreDrug Abuse And Its Effects On The United States Essay879 Words   |  4 PagesDrug abuse is worldwide problem and one that has plagued the United States for decades. Drug abuse negatively impacts not only the individual user, but also our society as a whole. The fight to prevent the manufacturing and trafficking of illegal drugs into the country h as made very little impact on its accessibility to those that wish to partake. According to the National Drug Control Budget Report for 2015, the President of the United States request $25.4 Billion in Fiscal Year 2015 in orderRead MoreThe Effects Of Drug Abuse On The United States947 Words   |  4 PagesNgoc Do Drug Abuse Drug abuse is a problem that has been increasing immensely in the United States. The amount of people using drugs is increasing drastically with people starting or trying illegal substances as a younger age. Drug abuse is the over use of legal and illegal substances. The abuse of drugs is the number one health related problem. Types of drugs commonly abused include alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, painkillers, depressants, cocaine, stimulants, hallucinogens, heroin, and methamphetamine

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Case Study Bell Lapadula ( Blp ) Model - 1363 Words

Bell-LaPadula (BLP) Model – This security model is one of the earliest developed and possibly one of the most significant across the security field as it was used to outline access control. It was developed at the Mitre Corporation by David E. Bell and Leonard J. LaPadula and has gone on to serve as the basis for substantiating the security properties of various systems (Rushby, 1986, p. 1). The BLP model was developed to protect access-control, and was derived from the military’s use of multilevel security, which is used to classify documents (top secret, secret, confidential, and unclassified) and give personnel clearance access levels (Goodrich, 2011, p. 450). The basic idea is to assign both documents and personnel classification†¦show more content†¦Clark-Wilson (CW) – This model continues to build upon Biba’s by focusing on integrity at the transaction level and by addressing three goals of integrity within a commercial environment (Tipton, 2009, p. 690). By 1987, the founders, David D. Clark and David R. Wilson upheld that only authorized users should be allowed to change data and the system should maintain an internal and external consistency (Lakhani, 2016, para. 1). This consistency would come about by having a system in place to perform transactions to check the integrity, once this requirement has been met, each transaction does not need to be verified at the beginning (Goodrich, 2011, p. 455). This model does a nice job of preserving the integrity of the information, and ensuring that it reaches the destination intact, but still trying to keep the confidentiality as much as possible; CW could see a broader use within the commercial sector, but perhaps still see some use within the military/DOD as well. Chinese Wall (or Brewer and Nash) – This model was designed specifically for the commercial sector as it was designed to eliminate conflicts of interest within companies (Goodrich, 2011, p. 455). Brewer and Nash proposed a policy called the Chinese Wall in 1989 to keep companies’ best interests in place, that is, users should not be able to access private material of both a clientShow MoreRelatedDatabase Security28570 Words   |  115 PagesIntroduction 1.1 The Relational Data Model Revisited 1.2 The Vocabulary of Security and Major DB Security Threats 2. Database Security Models 2.1 Discretionary Security Models 2.2 Mandatory Security Models 2.3 Adapted Mandatory Access Control Model 2.4 Personal Knowledge Approach 2.5 Clark and Wilson Model 2.6 A Final Note on Database Security Models 3. Multilevel Secure Prototypes and Systems 3.1 SeaView 3.2 Lock Data Views 3.3 ASD_Views 4. Conceptual Data Model for Multilevel Security 4.1Read MoreCissp Study Guide67657 Words   |  271 PagesVulnerability analysis C. Honey Pots D. IDS Answer: B Explanation: Vulnerability analysis (also known as vulnerability assessment) tools test to determine whether a network or host is vulnerable to known attacks. Vulnerability assessment represents a special case of the intrusion detection process. The information sources used are system state attributes and outcomes of attempted attacks. The information Pass Any Exam. Any Time. - Ac tua lTe A. ) Threat B. ) Exposure C. ) Vulnerability

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The San of the Kalahari Desert Free Essays

The San of the Kalahari Desert The San also known as â€Å"Bushmen† are one of the well-known foraging and hunting communities. They have made the Kalahari Desert located in Southwest Africa their home for many years. These communities are called bands that consist of multifamily groups with a size ranging from 25 to 50 people. We will write a custom essay sample on The San of the Kalahari Desert or any similar topic only for you Order Now â€Å"Family, marriage, and kinship, gender, and age are the key principles of social organizations in foraging societies† (Nowak Laird, 2010. Section 3. 7). In this paper you will have a brief understanding of the kinship system of the San Tribe, as well as how their environment influences their behavior and interactions. The nuclear family would consist of a mother, father and their children. This family is considered the most common in the foraging societies because they are able to adapt to various conditions. Bands are made up of several multifamily groupings such as nuclear families. It is very important how these families are related because it will determine how they will act towards each other. The bands will sometime include extended family members which will be beneficial in circumstances such as cooperation and sharing amongst the community. Both men and women work together to provide for the community as a whole. Women are responsible for 80% of the san diet (Nowak Laird, 2010). Women are the primary gathers; their diet is consisting mostly of nuts and fruit. The men are responsible for 20% of the diet. They provide meat from their hunts. The women are able to gather enough food that will last a full week in two to three days. They can enjoy each other’s company the rest of the time. The men and women work together by mentioning areas of vegetation or animals they may come across on their gathering and hunting trips. The good and services produced by the men and women are shared amongst the community. They rely on each other for the gathering and hunting of food. Everyone’s participation is very important. There is an unspoken promise on the exchange of the goods and services. This is called reciprocity, â€Å"a mutual, agreed-upon exchange of goods and services. Reciprocity works well n a society in which food items need to be consumed quickly due to spoilage† (Nowak Laird, 2010. Section 3. 3). Foragers have to stay mobile, so there is no room for stock piles of food or goods. Everything has to be used immediately; there is no need for storage because they can always get what they need from the environment. This type of reciprocity would be generalized, there are no expectations for nothing in return, in due time everything will work it- self out. The men are not always successful in their hunts but when they are the meat is prepared and distributed throughout the community. This will also be the same for the food that comes from the gatherings that the women go on as well. This insures that everyone is fed and that both men and women do not have to look for food every day. Everyone takes their turns in providing for the entire band. These interactions promote close bonds and social ties. They are not only sharing with just their neighbors but these are also their kin, no one is an unfamiliar person in these communities. In the San Tribe no one is of more value to another. Since everyone shares everything it leaves little room for jealousy. As in our society, we do not forage, we can pretty much walk in any store and purchased pre-prepared food and goods. There is little thought put into where our food will come from or where we live. The most important thing for us would be making sure we have the funds to be able to do the things that we would like to and purchase the things that we absolutely need. We focus on the needs of our immediate family such as our partners, children and parents vs. considering our communities. I feel that in our society most people are for self only. No one is really willing to help each other no more. I believe that if we had kinship systems in placed things would be a lot better. We could all come together and be there for each other. Making sure everyone has something and no one is left without. There are services shared among my neighbors such as lawn services, babysitting and clothing. We do these things for each other never expecting anything in return. References Nowak, B. Laird, P. (2010) Cultural Anthropology. Retrieved from https://content. ashford. edu/books/AUANT101. 10. 2/sections/sec3. 7 (EBOOK) https://content. ashford. edu/books/AUANT101. 10. 2/sections/sec3. 3 (EBOOK) How to cite The San of the Kalahari Desert, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

The life featured in Part 1 of the novel Essay Summary Example For Students

The life featured in Part 1 of the novel Essay Summary In the Ibo culture, the women were considered to fulfill every mans needs and to serve the. As the years have gone passed the status of women has risen now being at the same rank as men. Here we can see how culture determines the womans position or place in a society. Religion is an important aspect of culture, in the following paragraphs I will discuss some of the rituals and religious beliefs in the novel. In the first chapter we are introduced to the kola nut. The kola nut is one of the way people welcome one another amongst the Ibo culture. We will write a custom essay on The life featured in Part 1 of the novel Summary specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now The kola nut is passed between the host and the guest, each insisting that the other should be the one to crack the nut, however, the host takes the honour of cracking the nut. They say that whoever offers the kola nut brings life and this is one of the main rituals of the story. They do this in order to please their god and ancestors. In chapter 2 where one of the clansmens wife had been murdered when she went to a market in Mbaina had caused for the men of Umuofia to gather to decide on what they would do to Mbaino as a result of their punishment. A custom amongst the Ibo culture was never to fight a war of blame therefore, they first tried to reach an agreement before they had decided to go to war. Okonkwo went to negotiate with Mbaino because this was the first ritualistic act of the Ibo culture before they declare war. The village that committed the offence had given the Umuofia people a young boy, who was named Ikemefuna and a virgin as their repayment of the crime. Another ritual act is shown in chapter three when the people of Umuofia consult Agbala, the oracle of the hills and caves. When they are confronted with any of their problems or want to ask question concerning their future they depend on the answers Agbala gives. The answer reaches them through the priestess. The words of Agbala were never ignored. In chapter four of the novel Okonkwo is so carried away in his anger at his youngest wife that he forgets the ritual of the Week of Peace and breaks the rules of kindness and gentleness that all the villagers are supposed to show to one another during that week before the planting of the crops begin. Because he broke one of the most sacred events to the Umuofian people he has to make a sacrifice to the earth goddess in which he brings a goat, a hen and cowries. This is another ritual of the religion of the Ibo culture. When Okonkwo broke the rules of the Week of Peace, the whole village was shocked and began to talk about the consequences of breaking this law. Ogbuefi Ezedu, who was the oldest man in the village, was telling two other men who came to visit him that the punishment for breaking the Peace of Ani had become very mild in their clan. It has not always been so, he said. My father told me that he had been told that in the past a man who broke the peace was dragged on the ground through the village until he died. But after a whole this custom was stopped because it spoilt the peace which it was meant to preserve. Another important aspect of the Ibo culture is Egwugwu. The people of Umuofia reach order in their community by important rituals. One of the best examples of the power of rituals within the village is the arrival of egwugwu. .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .postImageUrl , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:hover , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:visited , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:active { border:0!important; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:active , .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7 .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u275b5ced9336daf08c9a62ca303d2bb7:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: time management EssayThese spirits carry the hopes and fears of the village: And then the Egwugwu appeared. The women and children set up a great shout and took to their heels. It was instinctive.. And when, as on that day, nine of the greatest masked spirits in the clan came out together it was a terrifying spectacle.. Each of the nine egwugwu represented a village of the clan. Their leader was called the Evil Forest. Smoke poured out of his head. The nine villages of Umofia had growth out of the nine sons of the first father clan. Evil forest represented the village of Umuera, or the children of Eru, who was the eldest of the nine sons. As we can see the people of Africa have a culture that is quite different to that of the European culture. The culture of the Africans has its own definition of evil, how it sees the status of women in the society, the rituals that are practiced and how it deals with other cultures. All these points are expressed vividly by the writer in which no bias occurs. Word count: 1658 1 http://www. hellgate. k12. mt. us/bldg1/grade5/bixby/Lesson/GB/Chapter5/culture. htm.